Narrative – Year 12

The year 12 Media experience launches with the unit Narrative - the study of Film Text. This is one of my favourite things to study. If you knew that NOTHING in a film is a mistake then you are on your way to understanding how and why a Director uses Production & Story elements to create a masterpiece. This is not to say that all film texts are masterpieces. Like any Art form there are flops. It is our job as media students to identify when a masterpiece has been created.

In this Unit we analyse film texts. It is NOT your job to like or enjoy the texts, after all when you watch something over and over again you will obviously start to dislike certain elements. Your job is to know what questions will be asked in the SAC and the end of year exam and know how to answer them using media language.

• American Beauty
• The Gift

Each text has been selected for different reasons;
• American Beauty – A text that has been studied for years which means there is so much to research.

• The Gift – Directed by an Australian. Another Thriller with easy, identifiable elements applied for audience engagement and reception.


Narrative Work Booklet –
All year 12 students will receive a copy of this booklet. We will work intensively through this booklet. Any spare periods you have should be completing one of the following, Narrative booklet or Production Design Plan Folio.
The booklet has everything you need to know about the study of film texts. It outlines how to answer SAC & EXAM questions and how to apply media language.

Narrative SAC & EXAM Examples -
This booklet contains past examples of SAC & EXAM questions answered to a high standard. You can utilise these responses to support your sentence stems.

Narrative Content Booklet -
Here you will discover the correct media language for each of the Production & Story Elements. This is a handy booklet to support your Narrative SAC & EXAM questions.

Sentence stems….

Narratives can be categorised into genres, generic hybrids or types of stories such as horror, soap opera and teen films…

Characters play a major role in advancing a narrative. As a story element, the establishment and development of characters also affects how an audience engages with a text….

Audiences have certain expectations about a film, radio or television program. Some expectations exist due to the genre of a text. Audiences can react in a variety of ways, from intense excitement during an action sequence to heartfelt sadness in response to a tragic closure….

In the closing sequence(s) of a narrative text, narrative possibilities introduced in the opening sequence(s) may be resolved. This resolution may not necessarily occur in ways that the audience expected. Other narrative possibilities may be left open and/or unresolved…

The structuring of time is a major story element in all fictional narratives. Sometimes we are aware of being taken to a different time period through the use of techniques such as flashbacks, or by references a character makes to events which happened earlier. On other occasions, the structuring of time seems to occur without our notice because we are so familiar with the way that production elements are used for this purpose…

All fictional narratives rely on characters; their goals, their desires, their strengths and their faults and the differing circumstances in which these characters are required to function…

A narrative generally begins with a situation, then a series of changes occur according to a pattern of cause and effect through time and space…

Editing, including vision and sound mixing, involves the careful coordination of images, sound effects, dialogue and music. Editing can contribute to the development of a narrative in many ways…

A narrative usually emerges from the characters, their personalities, desires and relationships….